Best 5 Things to Do in Kathmandu City & Valley (Nepal)

by Things to Do, Nepal28 comments

Nepal is a historic and natural wonder of sorts, so you could imagine how ecstatic I was when I had the chance to visit this amazing destination last year whilst I did various fun things to do in Kathmandu!

FYI: To best clarify the difference between Kathmandu city and Kathmandu Valley, you must first understand that the Kathmandu Valley is made up of 3 beautiful ancient cities, namely: Kathmandu (the largest city and capital), Lalitpur (also called as Patan), and Bhaktapur.

As such, these 3 places that make up the Kathmandu Valley have an enthralling mix of sights, smells, and sounds, as well as an awe-inspiring number of temple complexes and squares. As a matter of fact, this 220sqm region has become a place that has the densest concentration of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world!

That being said, for such an intoxicating place like this, you would surely need to be on top of the best things to do in Kathmandu city — or the valley as a whole. But fret not, because, with the guide below, you will be making the most of your time here as you base yourself in the capital city of Kathmandu!

» Quick Travel Planning

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Top Things to Do in Kathmandu Valley

1. Visit the city’s key landmarks

Kathmandu Temples

Photos by: Shutterstock

With such a dynamic city like Kathmandu, there are definitely a lot of attractions or landmarks that are worth seeing, but to start off, below are some of the spots that you absolutely must NOT miss!

NOTE: *★ – A UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • ★ Pashupatinath: This is a sacred Hindu temple complex that serves as the seat of Nepal’s national deity, Lord Shiva (one of the principal deities of Hinduism in which Pashupatinath or Pashupathi is one of his given names). As the oldest Hindu temple in the city, you will find a sprawling mix of temples, ashrams (spiritual monasteries), images, and inscriptions from the moment that you set foot in this place.
    • TIPIf you want a unique experience, you can visit in the morning to see them do cremations or visit in the evening from 6PM to see the aarti (worship with fire).
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  • ★ Boudhanath: Dominating the skyline of Kathmandu, this is a well-known stupa (place of meditation) in which its massive mandala (spiritual symbol in Buddhism) makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal. It helps to note that for centuries it has stood as a beacon of Buddhist belief and has since been an important place of meditation and pilgrimage for a lot of local Nepalis and Tibetan Buddhists.
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  • Swayambhunath: This is an ancient religious architecture that contains shrines, temples, a stupa, a Tibetan monastery, a museum, and a library — moreover, it is also surrounded by ‘holy monkeys’ (as per mythology) which made it gain the nickname: ‘Monkey Temple’. Although this site is considered Buddhist, it remains to be revered by both Buddhists and Hindus.
    • TIP: To get a great panoramic view of the stupa, enter the Tamang Gompa monastery. Meanwhile, for a less crowded environment, it’s best to come either early in the morning or early in the evening.
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  • ★Durbar Square: ‘Durbar Square’ is a generic name used to describe plazas that are opposite old royal palaces in Nepal, and this particular Durbar Square in Kathmandu city is surrounded by spectacular architecture that showcases the skills of Newar (historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley) artists for centuries. Regrettably, some of the buildings here have collapsed because of the big earthquake that happened last 2015 — however, the beauty of this square remains due to its astounding palaces, courtyards and temples.
    • Old City: Make sure that you explore this tangle of narrow alleys and temples that are found north and south of the central Durbar Square as one of your things to do in Kathmandu city so that you can also get a closer look into the local’s culture and way of life.
    • Other Durbar Squares: If you have the time, check out the other Durbar Squares found in the Kathmandu Valley (at Patan and Bhaktapur).
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  • Garden of Dreams or Swapna Bagaicha: If you want to find a space that is away from the hustle and bustle of Kathmandu, the serene atmosphere of the beautifully-restored neo-classical Swapna Bagaicha or Garden of Dreams will be your wanted respite. Here, you can enjoy a vast garden that has 3 pavillions, an amphitheater, ponds, urns, and pergolas (walkways).
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  • Kopan Monastery: This Tibetan Buddhist monastery near Boudhanath is primarily popular among foreigners for its courses on Tibetan Buddhism. In fact, visitors are welcome to join their morning meditation sessions as well as their introductory and advanced courses (held in English)
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Wanna do a guided Kathmandu tour?

With the help of a local guide, you can take part in a 7-hour Kathmandu day tour which will cover all of the city’s top highlights and UNESCO spots. To book your spot, go here.

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2. Go through Thamel and have some fun!

Thamel

If you’re looking for the liveliest commercial neighborhood in the city, you only need to head to Thamel which is distinguished for its narrow alleys that are filled with various buildings and vendors: clubs, hotels, hostels, pubs, restaurants, shops, tour operators, and more — you really will find almost everything here!

To fill up your itinerary, below is a list of recommended things to do in Kathmandu’s Thamel:

  • Go shopping: Bring home some souvenirs and gifts by browsing through the array of colorful shawls, jewelry, statues, paintings, etc. As for my #1 tip? Haggle hard if you want to get a fair and good price. As a standard, aim to ask for half or a 3rd of their original quoted price. (But if you’re not too privy like me wherein you wouldn’t mind giving some extra help to the locals — even if they’re not being exactly fair with the price — it’s fine to skip on the bargaining.)
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  • Stuff yourself with local food: First and foremost, eat “momo” which is a steamed dumpling that’s native to Nepal and Tibet. If you’re rather looking for a full meal option, get a “thali set” which holds several bowl selections such as rice, curry, pickles, vegetables and “dal bhat” (a staple food in Nepal that is a thick lentil soup). Meanwhile, for dessert, look for “sel roti” which is sweet and crispy on the outside, and soft and chewy on the inside.
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  • Do some classes or workshops: There are a number of shops in Thamel that can, for instance, teach you how to cook Nepali cuisine, do Buddhist thangka paintings, make woodcarvings, and more. You could even enroll in an amazing yoga class or retreat! Your activity choices are absolutely endless.

TIP: If you’re rather looking for authentic bazaar-esque places, head on over to either Asan, Indrachok, or Mangal bazaars.

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3. Fly above the Himalayas and Mt. Everest

Himalayas

Photos by: Shutterstock

Let’s face it: a lot of us are NOT prepared to scale the summit of the world’s highest peak; so thankfully, as part of your things to do in Kathmandu, there are providers in Nepal that give anyone the chance to get a bit close to the Himalayas and see the beauty that is Mt. Everest.

Of course, nothing beats the experience of trekking up to the summit or to the Everest Base CampBUT, if you can’t do that, then why not just fly there, right? Besides, you’ll be among the lucky few who can get to witness this majestic mountain range from up high to just a few hundred meters away!

Yet… as you would expect, this is NOT entirely cheap; but for sure, it will certainly be worth it!

Lasting from 45 minutes to an hour, most flights start from around $150 and there are 2 options for you to choose from: doing it by helicopter or by plane. There are a lot of tour operators who offer helicopter rides, but when it comes to aerial rides, there are 3 airlines who are well-known for doing it: Buddha Air, Guna Air, and Yeti Air.

Wanna book an Everest flight?

For a hassle-free experience, you can book your Everest mountain flight here. Subject to schedule availability, this flight tour will be made through Buddha Air, Yeti Air, or Simrik Air.

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TIP: Book a flight during the earliest part of the day for the least chance of getting cloudy or bad weather.

NOTE: If in case you don’t have the budget to fly nor the capacity to hike/trek, there is another option for you to see Mt. Everest “up close”. Aside from the obvious fact that you just go to places or towns that have a clear view of the Himalayas, you can also get an ‘aerial glimpse’ from up high on the plane when you get in or get out of Nepal — provided that you pick the right seat.
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For example, if you’re flying to Nepal from Southeast Asia, reserve a window seat on the right (those labeled letter K, for example). And when flying back to Southeast Asia from Nepal, go for the left seats (letter A’s). You can always ask for tips from the airline you’re flying with to be sure!

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4. Enjoy the natural landscape through outdoor activities

Trishuli River

Photos by: Shutterstock

As a part of your things to do in Kathmandu, you should make sure that you also grab the chance of enjoying the city’s surrounding natural terrain by doing the following outdoor activities…

  • Hiking/Trekking: There are a number of amazing hikes that you can do around the valley such as Chisapani, Champadevi, Nagarkot, and Nagarjun. You could also go to to the high peaks of Shivapuri National Park, or if you are up for a longer hike, there is a 6-day trek from Kathmandu to Langtang National Park (the 1st Himalayan national park in Nepal). All in all, I can assure you that the sights will be stunning — more so when you get to see the surrounding terrain during sunrise or sunset.
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  • River rafting: If you seek this kind of adrenaline-pumping activity, you can opt to go for a river rafting tour that goes through the Trishuli River which connects the city of Kathmandu to Pokhara. To reserve your spot for this adventure, go here.
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  • Mountain-biking: You will notice that when you go through Thamel, there will be a lot of shops that offer guided mountain-biking trips or who simply offer bikes for rent. If you’re up for this, I say do it because the adventure will be worth your while!
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  • Rock climbing: If you’re looking for something to climb that is not Mt. Everest, there are several options for you in the heart of Kathmandu. First up, in case you are not ready yet to go for natural cliffs, there is an Astrek Climbing Wall in Thamel. Otherwise, great natural climbing cliffs can be found at Hattiban (Pharping) and Nagarjun.
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5. Explore nearby cities and towns

Nagarkot

Wanna fully escape the traffic and urban setting found in Kathmandu? There are several charming towns and cities that you could explore during your time there.

  • Bhaktapur: As one of the ancient cities that make up Kathmandu Valley, you will enjoy how this place has the most temples per square kilometer in Nepal! Truth be told, it has the best-preserved palace courtyards and old city center in the country.
    • TRANSPORTATION: (Less than 1 hour away). Ride a bus at Bagbazar or Ratna Park that costs about 50 NPR (less than $1), or get a taxi that will cost you around 1,000 NPR one way ($9~). Otherwise, you can also join a Bhaktapur Tour with a stopover at Patan here.
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  • Lalitpur or Patan: If Bhaktapur is the most Hindu of the cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Patan would be the most Buddhist (and Kathmandu is somewhere in the middle). Anyhow, much like Bhaktapur, Patan has an array of similar architecture; however, the plus side of going here is that it is much closer to Kathmandu city itself so it makes for a great side trip if you’re pressed on time. If you can come early in the morning, you should go to the Golden Temple to hear the beautiful chanting music made by the choir.
    • TRANSPORTATION: (30 minutes away). Ride a bus at Ratna Park or a blue/green bus at Ring Road which will cost about 15 NPR (less than $1). Taxis, on the other hand, will be about 200 NPR ($2~). Otherwise, you can also join a Patan Tour with a stopover at Bhaktapur here.
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  • Bungamati and Khokana villages: Regrettably, a lot of the key structures in these villages have been destroyed due to the 2015 earthquake — but it is more of a reason why you should come visit in order to help raise tourism and aid them in quickly restoring their temples. After all, in their prime, these 2 villages have been revered as two of the prettiest villages in the valley.
    • TRANSPORTATION: (Less than 1 hour away). It’s preferable to get a day tour that covers both of these villages. To reserve a spot, go here.
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  • Panauti: – This is one of the oldest towns in Nepal and its nostalgic charm remains up to today, making it a great day trip for your things to do in Kathmandu. Personally, I thoroughly enjoyed going through its quaint streets during my visit. I even had the amazing opportunity to do a homestay with a local family and it was one of the most enriching experiences that I’ve had!
    • TRANSPORTATION: (Less than 2 hours away). Ride a bus from Ratna for around 60 NPR (less than $1~). Taking a taxi will be more expensive at about 2,500 NPR ($24~).
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  • Nagarkot: – Just about 32 kilometers away from Kathmandu city by car, this has since been known as the top spot for enjoying Himalayan views, sunrises, and sunsets. Aside from this, its lush forests make it a great spot for relaxation and outdoor activities — so why not make a visit here as one of your things to do in Kathmandu?
    • TRANSPORTATION: (Less than 2 hours away). Ride a bus at Bakhtapur Bus Terminal at Ratna Park, and from Bhaktapur you can get to Nagarkot (total of about 70 NPR or less than $1~). Since this can be quite a hassle, it’s rather best to get a private car for hire or a taxi which can be around 3,000 NPR ($30~).
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  • Kirtipur: Located right next to Patan, Kirtipur is one of the most famous and religious places to visit in the valley of Kathmandu. You will absolutely love the clean air as well as the majestic Himalayas that pain the background of this ancient city.
    • TRANSPORTATION: (About 30 minutes). Ride a bus at Ratna Park for less than 50 NPR (less than $1~) or get a taxi for approximately 500 NPR ($5~).
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• • •

Top Things to Do in Kathmandu Valley

» Best Time to Visit Boracay

Below are the prominent 4 seasons in Nepal…

  • Spring: With pleasant temperatures averaging from 16ºC to 23ºC. This is the 2nd most popular season with its warmer days and flower blooms such as the rhododendrons which is the national flower of Nepal. The only con for traveling during this time is that there’s a higher chance of haze that will obscure the mountains from lower elevations.
  • Summer: Hot and wet, averaging from 23ºC to 30ºC. There is high humidity and there’s rain almost every day so it’s not an ideal time to visit especially if you want to explore nature. (But city visits are fine since there will be lesser crowds).
  • Autumn: With cooler temperatures, averaging 15ºC to 25ºC. This is the best tourist season given that the weather is more pleasant, bringing in clearer views of the mountains. Furthermore, big Hindu festivals like Dashain and Tihar happen during these months so it can get quite lively.
  • Winter: With cool weather averaging 9ºC to 12ºC. This is also the season where the skies are clear, but just make sure that you are well prepared especially when going out on treks since the temperature drops significantly at night time.
  • SPRING:
    March to May
  • SUMMER:
    June to Aug
  • AUTUMN:
    Sept to Nov
  • WINTER:
    Dec to Feb

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» Getting in to Nepal

By plane. My go-to platform for grabbing the best flight deal is Skyscanner. Nepal’s main international getaway is Tribhuvan International Airport (KTM) which is located about 6km from Kathmandu city.

In order to get to the center (such as that of Thamel), you can arrange a hotel transfer, a prepaid taxi (approx. 700~ NPR), a regular taxi (approx. 400~ NPR), or a bus (approx. NPR 10~).

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» Visa for Nepal

Yes, ALL foreigners (except Indians) are required to have a visa to visit Nepal. Rest assured, the process is fairly easy and fast, and you can obtain it on arrival. To know the whole process and details, see my ‘How to Apply for a Nepal Visa on Arrival‘ guide.

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» Nepal Currency

Nepalese Rupee (Re., Rs., रू) wherein USD $1 = रू127~ (as of July 2022). In the event that you want to exchange your money, I highly advise that you do NOT exchange your money at the airport since the rates there are not competitive.

  • How to best exchange your currency? Either exchange it at a bank or at a money exchanger in your home country or in any of Nepal’s city centers. Better yet, just withdraw from an ATM with your debit/credit card — however, you must make one big withdrawal to minimize fees with your bank. Speaking of cards, many Nepalese establishments accept credit cards but it’s always advisable to have cash on hand because a lot of smaller shops do not accept cards.

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» Cost of Travel in Kathmandu

To give you an idea, you should expect to travel to Kathmandu with an average daily cost of about USD $12~ per person on a budget, or at least $30~ if you want to experience more comfort in activities, tours, hotels, and more. (Values below show low budget to medium budget ranges only).

  • Hotels: $4 to $11 USD / day
  • Food: $3 to $8 USD / day
  • Fun: $2 to $5 USD / day
  • Transport: About $1 for a short taxi ride

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» Where to Stay (Kathmandu Accommodations)

To search for the best hotel accommodation in Boracay at the best prices, I suggest cross-checking hotel prices between Agoda and Booking.com. But if you’re rather interested in renting comfortable houses or apartments, you should search through AirBnB.

For the ultimate list of cheap hostels and luxury accommodations, check out this list of the best hotels in Kathmandu.

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» How to Get Around Kathmandu

Some places can be reached by foot, but since it can get quite chaotic due to the lack of street names, it’s best to either get a rickshaw especially if you don’t have Google Maps on hand to navigate your way as you execute the above list of things to do in Kathmandu.

Rickshaws can be found everywhere and prices can start at 15 NPR — but it’s highly likely that the driver will set a higher price, so feel free to haggle.

Meanwhile, taxis and green or blue buses are ideal if you want to go to far places inside or outside of the Kathmandu Valley. Taxis are also not that hard to find especially during the day (it gets harder at night though) and the cost can start at 300~ NPR if, let’s say, you want to get to Patan. As for buses, you can find them around the city or on the ‘Ring Road’ and the cost can start from 20 NPR. Just take note that the buses are quite old and it’s not entirely comfortable.

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» Safety in Nepal

I have traveled solo in Nepal and have never felt unsafe. A lot of the locals were even friendly and accommodating; in fact, there’s a low rate of serious crime in the country. Nevertheless, petty crime can happen due to the number of tourists so it’s best to stay vigilant and to stay street smart at all times.

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» Helpful Nepalese Phrases

Many local Nepalese have no difficulties speaking English as a second language, and it becomes more prevalent when you’re in the capital of Kathmandu. But of course, it doesn’t hurt to learn a bit of Nepali.

Hello: Namaste / Namaskār ((Nah-MAH-stay / Nah-MAH-skar)
Thank you: Dhanyavād (DHAN-naii-bat)
Yes: Hajur / Ho (HA-jur / HO)
No: Chaina / Haina (Chai-NA / Hai-Na)
Goodbye: Namaste / Namaskār ((Nah-MAH-stay / Nah-MAH-skar)

Excuse me (begging pardon): Maaf garnus (MA-af-GAR-nus)
Excuse me (getting attention): Sabai le sunnus ta
I’m sorry: Ma maafi chahanchu
Is there someone here who speaks English?: Koi English bolne cha? (Ko-i English bol-ne-cha?)
Help!: Aapat paryo! (Aa-pat par-yo)

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Booking Essentials

Book an AirBnB
Booking.com

TIP: It’s a good idea to crosscheck your World Nomads‘ total travel insurance price with that of SafetyWing because the latter is often priced cheaper (especially when it involves travel that spans for several weeks or months — and even years!).
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However, take note that SafetyWing’s affordability typically means lesser coverage than World Nomads. So please always ensure that you read the fine print in order to decipher which travel insurance company is the right fit for you and your trip! On that note, HeyMondo is also a good alternative (click this link to get 5% off).

Looking for more travel tips for Nepal?

Check out my other detailed Nepal travel guides!

DISCLOSURE: Thank you so much to the Himalayan Travel Mart 2017, PATA and PTBA for making this Nepal trip happen

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Top 5 Amazing Things to Do in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Overall

Much like what I experienced, I hope that this list of things to do in Kathmandu will help you capture the best of the valley’s cultural and natural highlights.

Sure enough, there is a dizzying number of activities and sights for you in this destination but I can guarantee you that the things listed above will already give you a great Nepal experience that will be worth your time and money. Enjoy!

• • •

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28 Comments

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  1. Victoria Heckstall

    Wow, such a detailed post that would be so helpful to plan a great trip to Kathmandu. Loving the pictures so much.

    Reply
    • Aileen

      Thanks Victoria!

      Reply
  2. sam

    Nepal is an amazing place and it is full of historical things. It is one of the best attraction. Stunning photos you shared that beautiful place.

    Reply
    • Aileen

      Thank you! :)

      Reply
  3. Penny

    What an awesome destination. I am sure many are turned off by the distance (culturally and physically) to travel to get there, but that is part of the charm, the exclusivity. You have done a wonderful job representing this place as a place worth seeing in person.

    Reply
    • Aileen

      True that! I bet anyone will fall in love even with the gritty side of Nepal ;) Thanks Penny!

      Reply
  4. Melissa Chapman

    I loved the fact that you could do everything in and around Kathmandu. I think you can do rock climbing and rafting in the US so i probably would stick to the inner cities. I would love to shop and try and hsggle good prices. the city reminds me of something out of the movies so exciting,

    Reply
    • Aileen

      I hope you get to visit here too!

      Reply
  5. Ronnie

    A few years ago, I came so close to taking part in a 6-month volunteer program in Nepal. I had a feeling it would be the most beautiful place I had ever visited, but alas, it wasn’t my destiny. :( Now that I see your photos and tips, I’m re-inspired to travel there. I think it could be the trip of a lifetime!

    Reply
    • Aileen

      Oh no, I’m sorry to hear that! But I hope you could soon arrange another trip here!

      Reply
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